About the Journal

Aims and Scope

Journal of Psychiatry and Brain Science (JPBS) is an international open-access peer-reviewed journal published online bimonthly by Qingres, dealing with all the aspects of psychiatry and related neuroscience. It publishes original articles (regular research papers), reviews and communications in a timely fashion. The journal aims to cover the full spectrum of psychiatry research. Papers including negative findings are also welcome.

Topics include but not limit to:

Editorial Board


  • Elliot S. Gershon

    The University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA

    Tel. +1-773-834-2660

  • Xiaogang Chen

    Central South University Changsha, Hunan 410011, China

    Tel. +86-731-8553-1571

Associate Editors

  • Chunyu Liu

    SUNY Upstate Medical University, USA

  • Thomas G. Schulze

    LMU München, USA

  • Fengyu Zhang

    ohns Hopkins University, USA

  • Xiangyang Zhang

    The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Executive Editor-in-Chief

  • Jinsong Tang

    Central South University

    Editorial Team

  • Ainhoa Bilbao

    Andy C. Belden

    Andrea de Bartolomeis

    Arthur H. Owora

    Charles L. Bowden

    Christelle Baunez

    Chao Chen

    Charles L. Bowden

    Chuanyue Wang

    Fengyu Zhang

    Gabriella B. Lundkvist

    Harriet de Wit

    Haobo Chen

    Harry Pantazopoulos

    Hirofumi Oyama

    Janusz K. Rybakowski

    John I. Nurnberger

    John Sweeney

    Joshua Balsters

    Kazutaka Ohi

    Lee Wei LIM

    Lin Xu

    Marion Leboyer

  • Margit Burmeister

    Marcia Regina Cominetti

    Ming Li

    Maria Fernanda

    Neil R. Smalheiser

    Or Duek

    Philip C. Wong

    Philip B. Mitchell

    Philip R. Corlett

    Ram J. Bishnoi

    Sandeep Grover

    Stephanie Cacioppo

    Takeshi Terao

    Urs Heilbronner

    Wei Hao

    Weihua Yue

    Xiang Y Zhang

    Xinping Yang

    Yin Yao

    Yonggang Yao

JPBS Editorial Office

16 St Martin's le Grand, London, EC1A 4EN, United Kingdom

Tel. +44 (0) 20 7397 8300

E-mail: jpbs@qingres.com


The international standard serial number (ISSN) for JPBS is 2398-385X.

Indexing and Abstracting

The articles published in JPBS are listed in major on-line abstracting and indexing databases, including:

1. Google Scholar

2. China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)

Guide to Authors


Manuscripts must be written in English. For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. The JPBS Editorial Board, however, encourages submissions from investigators throughout the world.


Authorship confers credit and has important academic, social, and financial implications. Authorship also implies responsibility and accountability for published work. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations 2013) recommend that authorship be based on the following four criteria:

When we encounter disagreements among authors we follow guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


Corresponding author should submit their manuscripts on behalf of themselves and their co-authors via the JPBS Online Submission System. For manuscripts with two or corresponding authors, one should be selected as the submitting author and assume responsibility for all communications with the Journal.

The JPBS Online Submission System will guide you stepwise through the process of entering information concerning your manuscript and uploading files. There is no page limit for manuscripts. To facilitate rapid publication and minimize administrative costs, however, only online submissions will be accepted. If you encounter any problems during the online submission process, contact jpbs@qingres.com for support.

Terms of Submission

Submission of manuscript implies that the work described has not been published previously, or is under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts must be read and approved by all co-authors prior to submission. Authors must agree to allow editing of the article to improve readability. Galley proofs of accepted manuscripts will be sent to the author(s) prior to publication, unless otherwise indicated.

Units of Measurement

Units of measurement should be presented clearly and concisely using System International (SI) units.

Text Format

Manuscripts should be submitted in one of the following formats: .doc, .docx or .pdf. Microsoft Word documents should not be locked or protected. Use double line spacing. Editable files are required for processing in production. If your manuscript contains any non-editable files (such as PDFs) you will be required to re-submit an editable file if your manuscript is accepted.

Title Page

The title page should include:






The manuscript should contain an abstract. The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should not exceed 250 words


keywords should be a concise summary of your paper’s content. We recommend three to five keywords.


This section should be succinct, with no subheadings.

Materials and Methods

This section should contain sufficient details to allow all the procedures and experiments described in the manuscript to be independently repeated. The content can be divided in to multiple subsections, as required.


The results section should provide clear description of the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation.


This section should explain the significance of the results and should place them into the broader context of the current literature. The Discussion may contain subheadings to highlight important areas that are expanded on in the text.


This section should clearly and concisely describe the main conclusions of the work and their significance.


Acknowledgments should be included at the end of the paper, before the list of references. This section should also list all supporting grants, including the full names of funding organizations and grant numbers, where appropriate.

Disclosure of Funding Sources

All authors are required to declare what support they received to carry out their research. The Funding Statement includes the funding information declared by the authors. Please include relevant grant numbers. Please also include this sentence: “The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.” If this statement is not correct, you must describe the role of any sponsors or funders, and amend the aforementioned sentence as needed. Inaccurate information about funding discovered after publication may require a correction.

Conflicts of Interest

In the interests of transparency and to help readers to form their own judgements of potential bias, authors must declare any competing financial and non-financial interests in relation to the work described. All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘competing interests’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests (financial and non-financial). If there is no conflict of interest, authors should state that “The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.”

Editors and reviewers are also required to declare any competing interests and may be excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists.

Ethical Guidelines

All research involving human or animal subjects must have been approved by the authors’ Institutional Review Board (IRB) or by equivalent ethics committee(s), and must have been conducted according to the principles expressed in the Declaration of Helsinki. Authors should be able to submit, upon request, a statement from the IRB or ethics committee indicating approval of the research. Subjects must have been properly instructed and have indicated that they consent to participate by signing the appropriate informed consent paperwork. If consent was verbal instead of written, or if consent could not be obtained, the authors must explain the reason in the manuscript, and the use of verbal consent or the lack of consent must have been approved by the IRB or ethics committee. In the case of any animal experiments, the authors must provide a full description of any anesthetic or surgical procedure used, as well as evidence that all possible steps were taken to avoid animal suffering at each stage of the experiment. We reserve the right to reject work that we believe has not been conducted to a high ethical standard, even when formal approval has been obtained.

All efforts should be made to protect patient privacy and anonymity. Identifying information, including photos, should not be included in the manuscript. More information about patient privacy, anonymity, and informed consent can be found in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Privacy and Confidentiality guidelines.


Authors are responsible for ensuring that each reference is accurate and complete. All references should be numbered consecutively and citations of references in text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g., “as discussed by [2]”; “as discussed elsewhere [2, 3]”). All references must be cited within the text; otherwise, the references will be removed.

JPBS uses “Vancouver” style, as outlined in the ICMJE sample references (https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html).


Citation of journal articles:

(Six or fewer authors)

[1] Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL.

Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

(More than six authors)

[2] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.

Preparation of Figures

All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). For initial manuscript submissions, figures must be of sufficient digital quality for editorial assessment and peer review. Please note, however, if the manuscript is accepted, authors will be asked to provide high-resolution figures.

Preparation of Tables

Tables should be numbered and cited in the text in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, Table 2 etc.). Identify each table by a brief descriptive title. Give each column a short heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the headings or title. Units of measurement should be specified. Definitions of symbols appearing in tables should be listed at the end of the footnotes, with the expansions of abbreviations. Larger datasets, or tables too wide for A4 or Letter landscape page can be uploaded as additional files. Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ) or comma separated values (.csv). Please use the standard file extensions.


All manuscripts will undergo some editorial modification, so it is important to check proofs carefully. The corresponding author will be sent an email asking them to check their proofs. The email will either have a link for authors to access their PDF proofs online, or will have a PDF proof attached. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked and returned within 3 working days.

Online Submission

Authors should submit their manuscripts online. Electronic submission substantially reduces the editorial processing and reviewing time and shortens the overall publication time. Follow the link “Online Submission System” to upload your manuscript files. For manuscripts with multiple coauthors, the submitting author should state that all authors have agreed to submit the manuscript to the JPBS


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. Authors grant JPBS a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.

Where an author is prevented from being the copyright holder (for instance in the case of US government employees or those of Commonwealth governments), minor variations may be required.

Open access

Open access is a model that enables unlimited free access to the scholarly literature without any financial and technical barriers to the readers. It provides worldwide immediate access to the abstract and full-text of the published articles and unrestricted usage of data under creative commons attribution license. Qingres Strongly Supports open access.

Article Processing Charges

Journal of Psychiatry and Brain Science is an Open Access journal. To publish in JPBS, authors are required to pay an article processing charge (APC). Apart from these Article Process Charges, there are no submission charges, page charges, or color charges. The APC, payable when your manuscript is editorially accepted and before publication, is charged to either you, or your funder, institution or employer. The fees to be paid of an article are indicated in the table below:

Manuscript Type APC*
Research Article $590
Review Article $590
Case Report $390
Letter/Communication/Commentary $390

*It’s free of charge for all invited articles

Qingres provides an automatic waiver of Article Processing Charges to authors based in any of the countries which were classified by the World Bank as Low-income economies or Lower-middle-income economies as of as of September 2015, and which have a 2014 gross domestic product of less than 200 billion US dollars (reference - World Bank 1st September 2015).

  • Afghanistan
  • Armenia
  • Bangladesh
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Congo, Dem. Rep
  • Congo, Rep.
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • El Salvador
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia, The
  • Georgia
  • Ghana
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea, Dem Rep.
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyz Republic
  • Lao PDR
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
  • Moldova
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • São Tomé and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Swaziland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Vietnam
  • West Bank and Gaza
  • Yemen, Rep.
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Editorial and Publishing Policies


All Qingres journals will follow the COPE guidelines outlining how to deal with cases of suspected misconduct. In cases of suspected research or publication misconduct, it may be necessary for the Editor to contact and share manuscripts with third parties, for example, author(s)’ institution(s) and ethics committee(s). Qingres may also seek advice from COPE and discuss anonymized cases in the COPE Forum. All research involving humans (including human data and human material) and animals must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that research has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework, the Editor may reject a manuscript and may inform third parties, for example, author(s)’ institution(s) and ethics committee(s). In cases of proven research misconduct involving published articles, or where the scientific integrity of the article is significantly undermined, articles may be retracted.

Publication Ethics

Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas. Qingres will follow Best Practice Guidelines recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Authors, editors, and reviewers are expected to be aware of, and comply with, best practice in publication ethics.


All journals published by Qingres are committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is under review elsewhere. Qingres as a participant of CrossCheck uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions.

Duplicate or Concurrent Submissions

Manuscripts found to have been previously published or to be under review elsewhere when submitted to JPBS, will be immediately returned to the authors. If authors have used text or data from their own previously published work, for example in a review article, this must be clearly indicated in the manuscript and written permissions obtained from the copyright owners.

Improper Author Contribution or Attribution

All persons who made significant contributions to the content or preparation of the manuscript, including students and laboratory technicians, should be accepted as co-authors or listed in the Acknowledgement section. All listed authors must have made significant scientific contributions to the research in the manuscript and have read and approved the manuscript prior to submission.

Data Fabrication and Falsification

Data fabrication and falsification, including manipulation of images, are serious violations of scientific ethics. Manuscript suspected of containing fraudulent results will be immediately returned to the authors, with a description of the suspected fabrications. In the cases where extensive or systematic fabrication of data is suspected additional actions may be taken according to the guidelines of COPE.

Citation Manipulation

Manuscript should include only citations necessary to document their research and not include gratuitous citations aimed primarily at increasing the number of citations or their previously published papers or papers published in a specific journal.

Improper or non-documented use of human subjects, medical records or genetic data.

All experiments involving human subjects, including the harvesting of tissues, use of medical records and/or genetic data, must comply with the Declaration of Helsinki (1964) and regulations established by the author’s government and research institution. Papers describing experimental work that carries a risk of harm to human subjects must include a statement that the experiment was conducted with the understanding and consent of human subjects, and a written statement from the their institution’s Internal Review Board or Ethics Committee certifying approval for the project must be made available upon request. In the case of any animal experiments, the authors must provide a full description of any anesthetic or surgical procedure used, as well as evidence that all possible steps were taken to avoid animal suffering at each stage of the experiment. Written approval from the Institution’s Internal Review Board must also be obtained and copies made available upon request.

Corrections and retractions

Qingres publishes corrections, retractions, and expressions of concern as appropriate, and as quickly as possible. We follow the ICMJE and COPE guidelines where applicable.

A notice of correction will be issued to document and correct substantial errors that appear in online articles when these errors significantly affect the content or understanding of the work reported (e.g., error in data presentation or analysis) or when the error affects the publication's metadata (e.g., misspelling of an author's name). In these cases, Qingres will publish a correction that will be linked to the original article.

In very rare cases, we may choose to correct the article itself and re-post it online. If that course is taken, a correction notice will also be created to document the changes to the original article.

Authors who wish to alert Qingres to a situation where a correction may be warranted are requested to contact us with the relevant details (journal, full citation of the article, and description of the error) at: editor@qingres.com

Errors serious enough to invalidate a paper’s results and conclusions may require retraction. However, retraction with republication (also referred to as “replacement”) can be considered in cases where honest error (e.g., a misclassification or miscalculation) leads to a major change in the direction or significance of the results, interpretations, and conclusions. If the error is judged to be unintentional, the underlying science appears valid, and the changed version of the paper survives further review and editorial scrutiny, then retraction with republication of the changed paper, with an explanation, allows full correction of the scientific literature. In such cases, the extent of the changes will attached in the supplementary materials.

Peer Review

All submissions will be initially assessed for compatibility with the scope and goals of JPBS. All published articles are expected to meet high academic. Manuscripts judged to be suitable will be sent to at least two independent expert reviewers to assess scientific quality. The identities of the reviewers will remain anonymous to the authors.

Editorial Workflow


Qingres will deposits the articles that it publishes in PubMed Central and CNKI (China) to guarantee long-term digital preservation.

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